Individual states of the US have surrendered
more sovereignty to their Federal Government
than in the EU, and so are subject to greater
federal rule. Responsibility for spectrum
policy and management lies with the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) for
non-federal spectrum and the National
Telecommunications and Information
Administration (NTIA) for federal spectrum.
The FCC does not use standards as such, but
a set of rules codified in the Code of Federal
Regulations Title 47 Part 90. FCC rules are
prepared in consultation with interested parties
and are considered the minimum necessary to
protect the spectrum from harmful interference.
The FCC does not consider the practicality
or otherwise of equipment; that is left
to market forces
SO WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR MANUFACTURERS AND SUPPLIERS?
DIFFERENCES AT A GLANCE:
EUROPEAN UNION UNITED STATES
Certification CE FCC
Regulation level State Federal
Performance standard Full system (transmitter and receiver) Transmitter performance, receiver emissions
Process managed by Supplier Regulator
Compliance documentation Supplier Regulator
Administration charge No Yes
Both EU and US require manufacturers or suppliers
to identify all applicable standards and rules, then
have the relevant equipment laboratory tested to prove
conformity. At this point, the processes diverge.
In the EU, manufacturers and suppliers are permitted
to self-certify. Once laboratory testing confirms the
equipment meets all applicable requirements, the
manufacturer or supplier issues a Declaration of
Conformity. They then set up and maintain a mandatory
electronic record which must be made available to
regulatory authorities on request.
A copy of the Declaration of Conformity must be
supplied to all purchasers, although posting it on
a web site is permissible, provided the equipment