In simple terms, regulatory compliance means obeying
the rules set down by regulatory authorities. These
regulations define expected outcomes and how they will
be achieved. For land mobile radio communications
equipment, the outcome is that the equipment will allow
maximum utilization of the radio spectrum, while being
safe and environmentally friendly.
Until the latter part of last century, most countries gave
little consideration to what was happening outside their
borders in LMR. Advances in technology, coupled with
increasing trade globalization have created a growing
awareness that such insular thinking inhibits economic
growth. Today, there is an increasingly strong movement
toward the adoption of common measurement and
There are essentially two blocs, each applying different
philosophies to achieve pretty much the same result.
One bloc is centred on the United States and the other
on the European Union , but since there is considerable
variation in the application of the relevant philosophy,
it is just the core US and EU regulatory frameworks that
we will consider here.
THE EU APPROACH:
DIRECTIVES AND STANDARDS
The EU is an economic and political alliance of 28
states, with one of its principal roles being to establish a
single market based on the free movement of goods,
people, money and services across member states.
Regulation and Directive are the main forms
of administration within the EU. Regulations
are immediately binding on all Member States.
Directives the more common form - set the intent of
the legislation which Member States are obliged to
transpose into their national law.
Directives define a number of paths to demonstrate
compliance, but in most instances conforming
to harmonized European Standards is the most
European Standards (European Norm or EN)
have been prepared by interested parties and
adopted by one of the three recognized European
Standardization Organizations, CEN, CENELEC or
ETSI. A harmonized Standard has been produced
at the request of the European Commission.
The advantage of harmonized Standards is that
compliance provides a presumption of conformity,
which does not occur with other paths or non-
harmonized European Standards.
The European Directive for land mobile radio is
Directive 1999/5/EC of the European Parliament and
of the Council of 9 March 1999 on Radio Equipment
and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment
and the mutual recognition of their conformity,
commonly known as the R&TTE Directive.